In particular, Beijing and Moscow, which went along with sanctions last year, would likely resist subsequent attempts by Washington to impose more stringent measures, said Mintaro Oba, a former State Department official involved in North Korea policy.
“Trump canceling the summit is the worst thing he could’ve done for the maximum pressure campaign because it plays into the narrative that the U.S. is to blame for the setback in relations with North Korea,” Mr. Oba said. “China may feel emboldened to more actively say ‘no’ to new sanctions.”
Ultimately, the U.S. and North Korea could agree to meet, provided they are able to bridge the gap between them.
“It seems like both sides are preserving their flexibility to maybe get back to a summit,” Mr. Oba said.